Humanitaire : de l'alerte à l'action
■■Humanitarian responses are slow and cumbersome, and lack impact.
■■UN agencies and INGOs are increasingly absent from field locations, especially when there are any kind of significant security or logistical issues.
■■In acute emergencies, when assistance is most needed, international staff of humanitarian agencies are rapidly evacuated or go into hibernation, and programmes downgrade to skeleton staff or are suspended.
■■Many agencies are concentrating only on the easiest-to- reach populations and ignoring the more difficult places.
■■Many humanitarian actors are now working at arm’s length through local NGOs or government authorities, acting more as technical experts, intermediaries or donors than field actors.
■■These local organisations have enormous burdens placed on them to respond, but often do not have the skills
and experience required to conduct technically difficult interventions; further, it can be difficult for them to operate in contested areas and to be seen as neutral and impartial.
■■Some humanitarian agencies simply wait until the emergency passes to continue their usual, long-term programmes.
■■Technical capacity in sectors such as water and sanitation or health also seems to be declining in emergency settings.